Aswan is where the valley of the Nile ends and where Nubia begins, a land which provided Pharaohs, gold building materials, valuable woods and the very best soldiers. Historically, the city was a stopping place for caravans coming from southern Africa: the great souk, a market brimming with local foodstuffs and all kinds of spices, is the inheritance and symbol of this trading past. Today, you can find the famous caves from which the Pharaohs of Thebes extracted the granite of their temples, obelisks and statures. You can as well admire the enormous dimensions of the High Dam, a supreme piece of modern engineering work was built between 1964 and 1970 to stem the floods of the Nile. Its construction led to the formation of the immense lake Nasser.